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Add more of what we’d like the learners to know, not only recent developments

Targets as interactive maps 2017:

2.1.1 Prevalence of undernourishment – share of the population that are undernourished: https://ourworldindata.org/grapher/prevalence-of-undernourishment

2.1.2 Prevalence of food insecurity: https://ourworldindata.org/grapher/share-of-population-with-moderate-or-severe-food-insecurity

2.2.1 Prevalence of childhood stunting: https://ourworldindata.org/grapher/share-of-children-younger-than-5-who-suffer-from-stunting

2.2.2 Prevalence of childhood malnutrition (wasting or overweight): https://ourworldindata.org/grapher/share-of-children-with-a-weight-too-low-for-their-height-wasting

2.3.1 Production per labour unit: https://ourworldindata.org/grapher/agriculture-value-added-per-worker-wdi?time=2016

2.3.2 Income of small-scale food producers: https://ourworldindata.org/grapher/income-small-scale-food-producers

2.4.1 Sustainable food production – no data (It is currently not clear or well-defined what constitutes productive and sustainable agricultural practice.)

2.5.1 Genetic resources in conservation facilities: https://ourworldindata.org/grapher/number-of-accessions-of-plant-genetic-resources-secured-in-conservation-facilities https://ourworldindata.org/grapher/proportion-of-animal-breeds-genetic-conservation

2.5.2 Local breeds at risk of extinction: https://ourworldindata.org/grapher/proportion-of-local-breeds-at-risk-of-extinction

2.A.1 Agriculture orientation index: https://ourworldindata.org/grapher/agriculture-orientation-index

2.A.2 Official flows to agriculture: https://ourworldindata.org/grapher/total-financial-assistance-and-flows-for-agriculture-by-recipient

2.B.1 Agricultural export subsidies: https://ourworldindata.org/grapher/agricultural-export-subsidies

2.C.1 Food price anomalies: https://ourworldindata.org/grapher/domestic-food-price-volatility-index

SDG report 2019:

  • The number of people suffering from hunger has been on the rise again since 2014
  • Stunting – growth and cognitive development of children is affected
  • Overweight is increasing in all age groups
  • Reasons for hunger: conflicts, climate-induced shocks, economic slowdowns worldwide
  • Specifically, attention needs to be given to increasing agricultural productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers, implementing resilient agricultural practices, and ensuring the proper functioning of markets
  • About 821 mio. people were undernourished in 2017, the same number as in 2010
  • The prevalence of undernourishment has remained virtually the same in the past three years
  • The situation deteriorated significantly in SSA, where the number of undernourished people increased from 195 mio. in 2014 to 237 mio. in 2017 (remeins the region with the highest prevalence of hunger)
  • The share of small-scale food producers in countries with data in Africa, Asia and Latin America ranges from 40 to 85 per cent (compared to <10 per cent in Europe), with systematically lower food security and lower incomes –> it is key to target these people
  • Weather-induced shocks, civil insecurity and declining food production have contributed to high food prices in at least two dozen countries worldwide

SDG report 2020

  • Due to COVID-19, the situation is likely to get worse owing to economic slowdowns and disruptions caused by a pandemic-triggered recession
  • In addition, the desert locust upsurge in six Eastern African countries and Yemen remeins alarming
  • The recent increase in food insecurity was primarily due to worsening situations in SSA and Latin America
  • The estimates for 2016-2019 indicate that food insecurity was higher among adult women than men in every region
  • COVID-19 impacts food security indirectly by reducing purchasing power and the capacity to produce and distribute food, which affects the most vulnerable populations –> in 2020, up to 132 mio. MORE people may suffer from undernourishment because of COVID
  • The lockdown measures have caused businesses and local markets to close, and small-scale food producers are often not allowed to get their products to consumers –> they are amongst the ones hit hardest by the pandemic
  • Chronic undernutrition, or stunting, also puts children at greater risk of dying from common infections and is associated with poor cognitive development
  • Investment in agriculture, relative to its contribution to the economy, continues to decline
  • Sharp increases in food prices were largely concentrated in SSA in 2019: In Eastern Africa, extreme weather conditions reduced agricultural outputs and hampered transport, shrinking market supplies and increasing the price of staple crops. Strong regional demand for exports exerted additional upward pressure on prices. In Western Africa, lingering civil insecurity continued to hamper market activities, thereby adversely impacting food prices. Prices in Southern Africa reached record highs owing to weather-induced shocks and significant economic challenges, including strong depreciation of local currencies
  • The deprecation of local currencies also contributed to high food prices in other regions, such as Latin America; in 2020, an upsurge in food demand and disruptions to supply chains triggered by the pandemic underpinned food price increases in several countries in the second half of March through April